-4. PRESERVING WILDLIFE IN NATIONAL PARKS
The wildlife of Africa has been greatly reduced in the past 50 years, partly as a result of overhunting and poaching and partly because large areas of their natural habitats have been taken over for farming. Today many species are threatened with extinction. To protect wildlife, several countries have set aside land used exclusively for wild animals. These areas, called national parks, have tourist facilities that permit visitors to watch the animals in a natural setting. Among the countries that have established such parks are Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and South Africa. Besides providing greater protection for the animals and promoting tourism, the parks make it possible for scientists to study animal behaviour in the wild. While scientists, tourists and animal lovers praise the national parks, the creation of these areas has led to conflict with people who would like to use the land for other purposes. The population of Africa is growing rapidly, and where there is a shortage of land for herders and farmers, the parks are seen as depriving people of land. The conflict is a difficult one, and it appears that it could continue for decades. One place where this problem is particularly serious is Kenya. There the government deals with the conflict by paying money earned from tourism as compensation for the loss of land to people who live next to the parks. It also spends money on projects that will directly benefit these people. The Kenyan government hopes that if people see and share in the economic benefits of the parks, they will be more willing to accept their presence.
According to the passage, wild animals in Africa ........... .
are better protected than in-most other parts of the world
have not yet been studied scientifically in their natural habitats
are now used exclusively for scientific purposes
have decreased in number over the last half a century.
are no longer threatened with extinction due to governments controlling poaching
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