-13. GULLIVER’S TRAVELS
When "Gulliver's Travels" was published in 1726, the author’s name did not appear on the book. The title page read, "Travels into several remote Nations of the World, by Lemuel Gulliver ... " Many people accepted this as fact. Travel books of the time told many tales that were no more strange than the imaginary adventures of Gulliver. One sea captain even claim that he knew captain Gulliver well. Other readers condemned the book as full of exaggerations. Although it became one of the most famous books for children, it was not written for children. It was savage satire aimed at the human race. The tiny Lilliputians are vain malicious and bloodthirsty. The king and the court of Lilliput parody of the English king and court. The giants of Brobdingnag are amiable but commonplace and sensitive. Laputa is full of the foolish philosophers and scientists whom Swift despised. The Houyhnhnms are horses who use degraded men. Yahoos, as men use horses elsewhere. Looking at mankind through the eyes of horses. Swift sees people as vicious, greedy and ignorant. From its first appearance, "Gulliver's Travels" delighted its readers instead of shocking them. In spite of his bitterness, Swift took a dry delight in making his narrative sound real even when it was fantastic. Children could enjoy the marvellous adventures of a traveler among pygmies and giants, on a flying island, and in a country where horses talk. Thus, "Gulliver's Travels" soon became a children's classic.
It is clear from the passage that when "Gulliver's Travels" was first published, ......... .
it had a completely different title
a number of people believed that it described real adventures
it was popular with the English King and his court
it was disliked immensely by philosophers and scientists
it shocked almost everyone who read it
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