-15.TO TEACH OR NOT TO TEACH
Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that children develop - intellectually, physically and emotionally - much like plants. He believed, moreover, that children are innately good, but that all social institutions, including schools, are evil, distorting children into their own image. He doubted, therefore, that there should be formal schools at all. Whether there were or not, however, he believed that the aim of education should be the natural development of the learner. From age 2 to 12, Rousseau envisioned the cultivation of the body and the senses, not the intellect. When the youngster's intellect begins to develop, at about 12 to 15, he can begin the study of such things as science and geography. The study, however, should begin not with an organised body of abstract knowledge, but with the things that interest the child. He must learn not by memorising, but by firsthand experience. Only when he is 15 should book learning begin. Since Rousseau believed that the child is innately good and that the aim of education should be his natural development, there would be little for the teacher to' do except stand aside and watch.
Following Rousseau's opinion, we can say that ------ .
children should only be allowed to develop the abilities they are born with
evil-doers are not born with their bad qualities but learn them through social institutions
schools and other educational facilities are the worst social institutions
there should definitely be no formal education or schools for children
children are born fully developed intellectually, physically and emotionally
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