-6. INEQUALITY in DISEASE
While cases of AIDS have been reported in every nation of the world, the disease affects some countries more than others. More than 95 percent of all HIV-infected people live in the developing world. In these areas, the disease has depleted the populations of young men and women who form the foundation of the labour force. Most die when they should be in the peak of their productive years. Moreover, the epidemic has overwhelmed health-care systems, increased the number of orphans, and caused life expectancy rates to plummet. These problems have reached crisis proportions in some parts of the world already burdened by war, political upheaval, or unrelenting poverty. Nowhere is this better demonstrated than in sub-Saharan Africa, where the number of AIDS cases far exceeds that of all other geographic regions. Of the estimated 14,000 HIV infections that occur each day worldwide, about half occur in sub- Saharan Africa. About 70 percent of all people infected with HIV live in this region. In some countries in the southern part of the continent, including Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland and Zimbabwe, more than 30 percent of the population has HIV infection or AIDS.
It is stated in the passage that Sub-Saharan Africans ------ .
are disproportionately affected by AIDS compared to the rest of the world
are not aware of the dangers of AIDS
do not make an attempt to control the spread of AIDS
are less likely to have AIDS if they live in Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland or Zimbabwe
have lost about 30 percent of their populations through AIDS
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