-5. HARRIET MONROE
As a poet, Harriet Monroe knew that other poets had little chance to become known and earn money. Few books by living poets were published, and magazines bought poetry mainly to fill leftover space. She solved the problem by starting her own poetry magazine, Poetry: a Magazine of Verse in 1912, through which she had a major influence on the development of modern poetry. She knew that a new publication with a small circulation could not pay its own way. Nevertheless, she wanted to pay poets for their work and to offer prizes. She could think of only one way to accomplish this: to persuade well-to-do people to support the magazine as they did orchestras and art museums. By asking about 100 Chicagoans to pledge $50 annually for five years, Monroe raised the money to launch her magazine. She became the first editor. As its motto she chose a line from Walt Whitman: "To have great poets there must be great audiences too." Poetry published the work of nearly every notable modern American and British poet. Some well-known poems that first appeared in the magazine are Carl Sandburg's 'Chicago', Joyce Kilmer's Trees', T.S. Eliot's 'The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock', and Vachel Lindsay's 'Congo'. Monroe never married. Her hobbies were travel and mountain climbing. She continued as editor of Poetry until her death on September 26. 1936, in Peru.
In order to bring the work of living poets to the attention of a wide audience, Harriet Monroe ......... .
campaigned in magazines
started her own poetry magazine
toured South America
wrote to Walt Whitman for help
used leftover space in her magazine Poetry
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